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ANALIS

IsoAmyl Amylase Isoenzymes Electrophoresis Kit

Amylases are enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of polysaccharides. Of the two types of amylases, beta and alpha, alpha amylases are those found in human tissues
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ceofix@analis.be
+32 (0) 81 25 50 50
QUOTATION
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ceofix@analis.be +32 (0) 81 25 50 50
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DESCRIPTION
Clinical Significance

Amylases are enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of polysaccharides. Of the two types of amylases, beta and alpha, alpha amylases are those found in human tissues.
Amylase present in normal serum and urine is predominantly of pancreatic (P-type) and salivary gland (S-type) origin. These isoenzymes are products of two closely linked loci on chromosome 1.


Each gene is allelic; thus there are 12 distinct phenotypes for the salivary isoenzymes and 6 for the pancreatic

isoenzymes.

Amylase is present in a number of human organs and tissues. The greatest concentration is found in the pancreas, where the enzyme is synthesized by the acinar cells and then secreted into the intestinal tract

by way of the pancreatic duct system.

The salivary glands also secrete a potent amylase to initiate hydrolysis of starches while the food is still in the mouth and esophagus. The action of the salivary enzyme, once referred to as ptyalin, is terminated by acid in

the stomach.

Assays of amylase activity in serum and urine are largely of use in the diagnosis of disease of the pancreas and in the investigation of pancreatic function. In acute pancreatitis, a transient rise in serum amylase activity occurs within 2 to 12 hours of the onset; levels return to normal by the third of fourth day.

Amylase assays are also of value in differentiating acute pancreatitis from other acute intra-abdominal disorders and in detecting the development of complications, such as pseudocyst, ascites and pleural effusion following

acute pancreatitis.

IsoAmyl Amylase Isoenzymes Electrophoresis Kit


The IsoAmyl Amylase Isoenzymes Electrophoresis Kit provides for the electrophoretic separation of isoamylases in serum or urine using the Paragon electrophoresis system.

High resolution capabilities allow for clear separation among the pancreatic enzymes P2 and the salivary enzyme S2 , as well as separation of supplementary salivary enzymes (S3 and S4).

Acute pancreatisis is confirmed by the presence of P3 with increased P2. Increased amylase activity due to macroamylase is easily evidenced by its typical pattern.

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